La Siria sembra perdere il controllo nel nord

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Le forze di sicurezza siriane hanno ripreso il loro feroce bombardamento di obiettivi dell'opposizione a Homs Giovedi ma sembravano perdere la loro presa stretta nella regione settentrionale.

Le truppe governative sono stati allungati sottile nel loro sforzo di controllare tutti i fronti nel paese volatili, mentre la violenza imperversava nella rivolta anti-governativa di base. La rivolta è ormai entrato nella 12 ° mese e l'ONU. Assemblea Generale disposta a raccogliere una risoluzione simbolica che condanna la brutale repressione del presidente Bashar al-Assad.

Forze siriane bombardato la città di Homs punto di infiammabilità per un giorno dritto 13 ° Giovedi, mira le roccaforti dell'opposizione quartieri di Baba Amr, Inshaat e Khalidiya, secondo l'Osservatorio siriano con sede a Londra per i Diritti Umani, un gruppo di attivisti dell'opposizione. Heavy sustained bombardment that commenced around 5 a.m., and dozens of injuries were reported.

In Idlib province in the northwest, people appear to be preparing for the possibility of a military offensive. Much of the region is in open revolt with villages and towns in the north out of government control for months.

Almeno 40 people died across several provinces Thursday, according to the Local Coordination Committees of Syria, the opposition activist group. They include 21 in Idlib, 13 in Hama, two in Rif Damashqthe Damascus suburbs, two in Daraa, one in Deir Ezzor and one in Homs.

Col. Malek Al Kurdi, deputy head of the Free Syrian Army, reported shelling by government forces in Hama and Daraa province. He cited civilian and FSA casualties.

Among the dead are 10 military defectors in Hama, activists say.

In Idlib, the bodies of 19 people who tried to flee to Turkey were found. The LCC said they were arrested and executed by security forces.

The LCC also said security forces and pro-government militias attacked mourners at a funeral in Damascus.

In central Damascus, the regime’s security forces, backed by armed operatives, raided the office of activist and journalist Mazen Darwish, the director of the Syrian Center for Media and Free Expression, the LCC said. Darwish and 14 others at the office, including his wife, an activist and a blogger, were arrested.

CNN cannot independently confirm opposition and government reports of violence because the Syrian government has severely restricted the access of international journalists.

The uprising in Syriainfluenced by the Arab Spring movement that forced regime change in Egypt and Tunisiawas sparked about a year ago in the southern city of Daraa with demonstrators angered by the arrests of young people who scrawled anti-government graffiti.

Their grievances and calls for reforms were met with a violent security crackdown, and the unrest there served to catalyze anti-government ferment across the nation.

Thousands have died in the crackdownwell over 5,000, secondo le Nazioni Unite, but the LCC puts the toll at well over 7,000.

Syria’s actions have been strongly denounced around the world. But international powers have backed the Arab League’s efforts to deal with the uprising and some countries and groups, such as the Arab League, Turchia, the United States and the European Union, have initiated sanctions against al-Assad’s government.

But they have not been able to agree on strong action at the United Nations to rein in the government’s onslaught.

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon met Thursday with French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe. Ban said the top priority was to stop the violence and establish humanitarian access. He said all relevant U.N. agencies were coordinating efforts to provide humanitarian help to the people of Syria.

This afternoon, il U.N. General Assembly is scheduled to consider a resolution after China and Russia blocked the Security Council from approving enforceable measures aimed at curbing the violence.

The anticipated vote follows news that al-Assad has moved up a vote on a constitutional referendum touted by his government as an important reform initiative, a move critics say is nothing more than window dressing. That vote is set for February 26.

While a resolution adopted by the 193-member nation General Assembly would not be binding, it would mark the strongest U.N. statement to date condemning al-Assad’s regime.

The draft resolution calls on Syria to end human rights violations and attacks against civilians immediately, and condemns violence by al-Assad’s forces and the opposition.

For nearly a year, al-Assad has denied reports that his forces are indiscriminately targeting civilians, saying they were fighting armed gangs and foreign fighters bent on destabilizing the government.

But the vast majority of accounts from within the country say that Syrian forces are slaughtering civilians as part of a crackdown on anti-government opposition calling for al-Assad’s ouster.

It is unclear what, eventuale, effect a resolution would have on what many world leaders see as a relentless campaign by al-Assad’s forces to stamp out opposition.

The General Assembly’s anticipated vote follows news that France is bringing another resolution before the U.N. Consiglio di Sicurezza.

We are currently renegotiating a resolution at the U.N Security Council to see if we can persuade the Russians,” Juppe told radio station France Info Wednesday.

La Russia è vista come la chiave di volta per vincere passaggio di una risoluzione che potrebbe imporre un cambiamento in Siria perché potrebbe aprire il regime di al-Assad a Onu. sanzioni così come esporre il presidente e il suo entourage di possibile azione penale da parte della Corte penale internazionale.

La Siria non è firmatario dello Statuto di Roma che ha istituito l'autorità della Corte penale internazionale. Il Consiglio di Sicurezza è l'unico organismo mondiale che può riferirsi crimini contro l'umanità alla Corte internazionale.

Russia, un alleato di epoca sovietica con il commercio e le armi legami con la Siria, è stato categoricamente contrario di una risoluzione che chiede al-Assad a dimettersi, dicendo che equivale a un mandato per un cambiamento di regime.

But Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov indicated Moscow may be open to supporting a Security Council resolution that stipulatesunder certain conditionsthat peacekeepers could be deployed to Syria.

If the issue is about stopping gunfire, everything is possible,” Lavrov said at joint a news conference with his Dutch counterpart Uri Rosenthal, according to state-run RIA-Novosti news agency.

Russia has given mixed messages as to whether it would accept a U.N. arms embargo or economic sanctions, even though it has said it is concerned about the prospect of a Syrian civil war.

Nel frattempo, China announced Thursday that it was sending an envoy to Syria in an attempt to help defuse the crisis, according to state-run China National Radio (CNR).

Vice Foreign Minister Zhai Jun is scheduled to travel to Syria beginning Friday for a two-day visit, CNR said. The report did not say who the minister would meet with, saying onlyhis detailed schedule is still in planning.

Fonte: CNN – La Siria sembra perdere il controllo nel nord